Recents comments

    The Four Major Basilicas of Rome

    St. Peter's Basilica

    St. Peter’s Basilica

    Rome has over 400 churches, so it’s fairly unlikely you will see more than a tenth of them.Four of them are major basilicas: St. Peter, St. John Lateran, St. Mary Major and St. Paul Outside the Walls. With three minor basilicas, these constitute the traditional destinations of the Seven Church Tour for pilgrims to Rome.

    St. Peter’s Basilica, a UNESCO heritage site, is the most important and largest religious structure of Catholicism. It was built on the supposed tomb of the apostle Peter, buried on the same site where he was martyred.It is the tallest building in the city, 119 meters with its dome. Rebuilt mostly in the sixteenth century, during the Renaissance, Bramante, Bernini and Michelangelo contributed to it.Legally situated in the Vatican, not in Rome, it is the church of the Pope.

    Saint John Lateran

    Saint John Lateran

    Saint John Lateran is the cathedral of the Pope as Bishop of Rome. Property of the Vatican, it is considered the mother of all churches. This is indeed the oldest church of the city, originally built by Constantine in around 320.Rebuilt in the course of history, it is in the baptistery that the very early Christian ruins are best preserved.

    Santa Maria Maggiore

    Santa Maria Maggiore

    Santa Maria Maggiore is the oldest and largest church dedicated to the Virgin. The entire course of Christian art can be charted here: from the early Christian with its Ionic columns; through to the Romanic Medieval as with the bell tower; the Renaissance in which time the interior was extensively redesigned; and the Baroque as seen in its façade and domes.

    St. Paul Outside the Walls

    St. Paul Outside the Walls

    Destroyed by fire in 1823, St. Paul Outside the Walls was fully rebuilt exactly as it was. However, the thirteenth century cloister survived the disaster. The atmosphere is intensely sober and majestic. The mosaic of Apocalypse located under the arch dates back to the fifth century.

     

     

     

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    Grandes basiliques

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    Basilique Saint-Pierre: 41.902266, 12.458517
    Saint-Jean du Latran: 41.886734, 12.505156
    Saint-Paul hors les murs: 41.858709, 12.476645
    Sainte-Marie Majeure: 41.897454, 12.498729
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    Basilique Saint-Pierre
    Basilique Saint-Pierre de Rome
    Basilique Saint-Pierre
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    Saint-Jean du Latran
    Saint-Jean du Latran
    Saint-Jean du Latran
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    Saint-Paul hors les murs
    Saint-Paul hors les murs
    Saint-Paul hors les murs
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    Sainte-Marie Majeure
    Sainte-Marie Majeure
    Sainte-Marie Majeure

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